Did you know that the US solar power industry has grown over 20% on average each year from 2016 to 2021? The cost savings have no doubt influenced this significant growth.
Making solar panels on your own is a great way to save even more money. But does that sound like an unrealistic and challenging task? Well, it’s easier than you think to make solar panels all by yourself.
The following solar panel guide will explain all necessary steps to DIY solar panels. Read on to learn how to build solar panels and start saving money.
Buy Cells to Make Solar Panels
The best solar panels use cells made in the US, China, or Japan. Polycrystalline cells are the best type for maximum solar savings on your DIY project. The number of solar cells needed will depend on how much energy you require.
Buy extra because the cells tend to be very fragile, and you might break a few while completing your project. Cells are sold online and sometimes in local hardware stores. Each cell should cost $1.30 or less per watt.
Some manufactures ship the cells in wax for protection. Dip the cells in hot water to clean off the wax. Make sure the water isn’t boiling to prevent damage.
Wiring Your Cells
Purchasing pre-soldered tabbing wire will make connecting your cells reasonably easy. However, you will also need a soldering iron to connect the wire to the back of each of your cells.
Next, you will string the wire throughout each of your solar cells. The wire is inexpensive and can be bought online or in most hardware stores.
Connect Cells to Backing
Wood is the best backing material for DIY panels because it’s easy to make holes for the wires. Glue your cells to the wood backing and then solder all of the cables to connect all of the solar cells.
Then connect your wired cells to a charge controller. The controller regulates the volts of energy produced.
House and Seal Your Cells
Wood is also a good housing material. Use it to build a box that protects the solar cells from damage.
Next, lay plexiglass on the top of your box to seal your cells from moisture. The plexiglass will also protect your cells from excessive heat and debris.
Complete Your System
Your solar panels will be complete at this point. They will be ready to attach to a racking system and placed on roofs, the sides of buildings, or on the ground.
Then you can install a solar inverter. Although, professional help is recommended for this step. An inverter converts direct current to alternating current electricity for use on the electrical grid.
Ready to Make Your Panels?
Now you know what materials and steps are required to make solar panels on your own. It’s a rewarding and straightforward DIY project that saves money and will lead you to all the excellent benefits of solar energy.
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